The chart below lists some of the most common sugar alcohols and some information about them.

Sugar Alcohol

Calories per Gram

Approximate

Sweetness (Table sugar = 100%)

Typical Uses in Food

Sorbitol

2.6

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50 – 70%

Sugar-free candies, chewing gums, frozen desserts and baked goods

Xylitol

2.4

100%

Chewing gum, gum drops and hard candy, drugs, cough drops, cough syrups, children’s chewable vitamins, toothpastes and mouthwashes, foods for special dietary purposes

Maltitol

2.1

75%

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Hard candies, chewing gum, chocolates, baked goods and ice cream

Isomalt

2.0

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45 – 65%

Candies, toffee, lollipops, fudge, wafers, cough drops

Lactitol

2.0

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30 – 40%

Chocolate, some baked goods (cookies and cakes), hard and soft candy and frozen dairy desserts

Mannitol

1.6

50 – 70%

Dusting powder for chewing gum, chocolate-flavored coating for ice cream and confections

Erythritol

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0 – 0.2

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60 – 80%

Sweetener in low calorie foods

Hydrogenated Starch Hydrolysates (HSH)

3

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25 – 50%

Sweetener in low calorie foods,

Source: International Food Information Council (IFIC) Foundation, 2008. http://www.ific.org/publications/factsheets/sugaralcoholfs.cfm. 

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